Fantastic column by Aaron Rodriguez in today's Journal Sentinel on the drawing of Assembly districts on the south side of Milwaukee. There are two views on how to treat minority populations in redistricting.
One is to say that we should do whatever we can to create districts that have a sufficiently large minority population to permit a minorty group to elect the candidate of its choice. The traditional view is that this requires a supermajority minority district because of differences in turnout, age and, in some case, citizenship status between minority and white populations.
In the past, this has often created an alliance between minority groups and Republicans. Republicans have no objection to packing minority voters who noramlly vote for Democrats and professional minority groups want to get a safe district.
But there is another view. Maybe it would be better to have a larger number of districts in which voters of a minority group would have a chance to elect the candidate of their choice - or to influence the outcome. Is it, for example, better to have a one 65% Hispanic district or two 55% Hispanic districts?
The answer is not obvious even if the only thing that you consider is "what should Hispanic voters want?" And, from a legal perspective, the question becomes more vexed because what Hispanic voters would want is not the legal standard for redistricting.